The latest medical advancement in this day and age is transplanting healthy skin cells from one person to another. This process is done outpatient, with mild sedation (optional) and injected local anesthesia. Before harvesting, the scalp is shampooed and then treated with an antibacterial agent before the donor scalp.
There are plenty of different techniques for harvesting hair follicles, each with advantages and disadvantages. When the blood vessels stretch or cut without breaking through nerves or causing pain, these can cause risk factors for infection or irreversible nerve damage. Regardless of the harvesting procedure, the cardinal to extracting proper follicles ensures the viability of the transplanted Hair and avoids transactions.
Strip harvesting/Follicular unit transplant
Stripping has been a popular hair removal technique for years now. It entails a surgery where surgeons take a strip of skin from the back of your head (posterior scalp);
this typically comes out to be about one inch wide and fifteen inches long. With one, two, or three blades, surgeons can then slice off sections of healthy flesh from the donor site. Thus, it is ready to harvest individual follicular units (small groups of cells that house natural strands, each enclosed in its sac).
Working with binocular Stereo-microscopes, they carefully extract excess fibrous and fatty tissue while avoiding damage to the follicular cells for grafting. Once collected, trimming down these little packages is then done to prepare them for later implantation when needed.
Professionals then employ Trichophytic closure, To close the punctured skin up after procedure completion, which leaves more minor scars than most other methods you’ll find out there.
At Maira, our surgeon uses excellent micro blades or needles to puncture the donor sites for receiving the grafts, consistently placing them in a predetermined density and pattern to promote a natural hair pattern.
The technicians then insert individual grafts in place when it’s finished. Strip harvesting will leave a noticeable thin linear scar but hidden easily once the Hair has grown fully. The recovery period is around two weeks, during which time stitches/ staples need to be removed by medical personnel, or they’ll fall off on their own.
Follicular unit extraction (FUE)
With Follicular Unit Extraction, individual follicular units containing 1 to 4 hairs under local anesthesia become easier; this procedure of micro removal practically uses tiny punches of between 0.6mm and 1.0mm in diameter. The surgeon then uses small micro blades or fine needles to insert the grafts onto the receiving sites, placing them in a pre-planned pattern and density.
The FUE is a lengthy procedure consuming considerable time than strip surgery, and it all depends on the surgeons’ experience, harvest speed, and patient characteristics.
Sometimes it has done in a single long session or multiple small sessions. The procedure could be simple to take a couple of hours, like extracting 200 grafts for a scar correction, or it could take two consecutive days for a mega session to extract 2,500 to 3,000 grafts.
There are restrictions on patient candidacy with the FUE Hair Transplant procedure. However, there is some debate about the usefulness of screening clients for FUE. Clients get selected for FUE based on a fox test .
FUE returns natural results. The FUE harvesting negates the requirements for large areas of scalp tissues for harvesting, which is a great advantage over strip harvesting. The minimal linear incision on the back of the head. It doesn’t leave a linear scar; on the removal of individual follicles, only small, punctate scars remain, which are virtually not visible, and minimal post-surgical pain and discomfort. The recovery from Micro Grafting FUE is less than seven days.
Disadvantages include increased surgical times and higher patient costs. This procedure is physically demanding and the learning curve to acquire the necessary skills is lengthy and arduous; this is why some amaeture surgeons find it challenging. Some surgeons even note that FUE can lead to a lower ratio of successfully transplanted follicles than strip harvesting.